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Blind Adaptive and Iterative Algorithms for Decision-Feedback DS-CDMA Receivers in Frequency-Selective Channels

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2 Author(s)
de Lamare, R.C. ; Center for Studies in Telecommun., Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro ; Sampaio-Neto, R.

In this paper, we examine blind adaptive and iterative decision-feedback (DF) receivers for direct-sequence code-division multiple-access systems in frequency-selective channels. Code-constrained minimum variance and constant modulus design criteria for DF receivers based on constrained optimization techniques are investigated for scenarios subject to multipath. Computationally efficient blind adaptive stochastic gradient and recursive least squares algorithms are developed for estimating the parameters of DF detectors along with successive, parallel, and iterative DF structures. A novel successive parallel arbitrated DF scheme is presented and combined with iterative techniques for use with cascaded DF stages in order to mitigate the deleterious effects of error propagation. Simulation results for an uplink scenario assess the algorithms and the blind adaptive DF detectors against linear receivers and evaluate the effects of error propagation of the new cancellation techniques against previously reported approaches

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

March 2007

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