By Topic

Constellation Design for the Noncoherent MIMO Rayleigh-Fading Channel at General SNR

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Srinivasan, Shivratna Giri ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO ; Varanasi, M.K.

Constellation design for the noncoherent multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) block Rayleigh-fading channel is considered. For general signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), starting from a given base unitary constellation of finite cardinality, and using the cutoff rate expression as the design criterion, input probabilities and per-antenna amplitudes for the constellation points are obtained via a difference of convex programming formulation. Using the mutual information as a performance metric, it is shown that the optimized constellations significantly outperform the base unitary designs from which they are obtained in the low-medium SNR regime, and indeed they also similarly outperform the mutual information achieved by isotropically distributed unitary inputs for the continuous input channel [i.e., the so-called unitary space-time capacity (USTC)]. At sufficiently high SNRs, the resulting mutual information coincides with that of the base unitary designs. Thus the optimum constellation design technique works over the entire range of SNRs. The bit energy/spectral efficiency tradeoff of the optimized constellations are also obtained, and these provide valuable insights on modulation and coding, which are especially useful for wideband channels where the SNR per degree of freedom is low

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 4 )