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On the Reduction of the Reconstruction Bias in Synthetic Aperture Imaging Radiometry (Corrected)

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1 Author(s)
Anterrieu, E. ; Lab. d''Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes, Toulouse

Synthetic aperture imaging radiometers (SAIRs) are powerful instruments for high-resolution observation of planetary surfaces at low microwave frequencies. This paper is concerned with the reconstruction of radiometric brightness temperature maps from SAIR interferometric measurements. Even in the absence of modeling errors and radiometric noise, a systematic error, or bias, has been observed in the reconstructed maps. The origin of this bias is analyzed and an efficient solution is proposed for reducing it. The core reconstruction procedure is not changed, and no additional measurements are needed. Throughout the scientific rationale, particular emphasis is laid on numerical simulations carried out for the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity space mission, a project led by the European Space Agency and devoted to the remote sensing of soil moisture and ocean salinity from a low-orbit platform

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 4 )