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Efficient Thermal via Planning Approach and Its Application in 3-D Floorplanning

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9 Author(s)
Zhuoyuan Li ; Comput. Sci. & Technol. Dept., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing ; Xianlong Hong ; Qiang Zhou ; Shan Zeng
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In this paper, we investigate thermal via (T-via) planning during three-dimensional (3-D) floorplanning. First, we consider the temperature constrained T-via planning (TVP) problem on a given 3-D floorplan. Second, we integrate dynamic TVP into 3-D floorplanning process. Our main contribution and results can be summarized as follows. We solve the temperature constrained TVP problem by solving a sequence of simplified interlayer and intralayer TVP subproblems. Each subproblem is formulated as convex programming problem and we derive nearly optimal solution for detailed T-via distribution. Based on the TVP solution, we implement the integrated TVP and 3-D floorplanning algorithm in a two-stage approach. Before floorplanning, blocks are assigned into different layers by solving a sequence of knapsack problems. During floorplanning, T-vias are allocated with white space redistribution to optimize T-via insertion. Experimental results show that our TVP approach can reduce T-vias by 12% compared with a recent published work (J. Cong and Y. Zhang, "Thermal via planning for 3-D ICs," in Proc. Int. Conf. Comput.-Aided Des., Nov. 2005, pp.745-752). Compared with the postfloorplanning optimization approach, integrating TVP into floorplanning process can reduce T-vias by 16% with 21% runtime overhead

Published in:

Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

April 2007

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