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Analysis of Multiple-Antenna Systems With Finite-Rate Feedback Using High-Resolution Quantization Theory

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3 Author(s)
Jun Zheng ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., California Univ., San Diego, La Jolla, CA ; Ethan R. Duni ; Bhaskar D. Rao

This paper considers the development of a general framework for the analysis of transmit beamforming methods in multiple-antenna systems with finite-rate feedback. Inspired by the results of classical high-resolution quantization theory, the problem of finite-rate quantized communication system is formulated as a general fixed-rate vector quantization problem with side information available at the encoder (or the quantizer) but unavailable at the decoder. The framework of the quantization problem is sufficiently general to include quantization schemes with general non-mean-squared distortion functions and constrained source vectors. Asymptotic distortion analysis of the proposed general quantization problem is provided by extending the vector version of the Bennett's integral. Specifically, tight lower and upper bounds of the average asymptotic distortion are proposed. Sufficient conditions for the achievability of the distortion bounds are also provided and related to corresponding classical fixed-rate quantization problems. The proposed general methodology provides a powerful analytical tool to study a wide range of finite-rate feedback systems. To illustrate the utility of the framework, we consider the analysis of a finite-rate feedback multiple-input single-output (MISO) beamforming system over independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) Rayleigh flat-fading channels. Numerical and simulation results are presented that further confirm the accuracy of the analytical results

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 4 )