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Estimation of Multipath Channels With Long Impulse Response at Low SNR via an MCMC Method

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2 Author(s)
Rabaste, O. ; Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun. de Bretagne, Brest ; Chonavel, T.

This paper addresses the estimation of multipath channels with long impulse response at low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The channel sparseness impulse response is modeled by means of a Bernoulli-Gaussian process. Then, the optimization of the resulting posterior distribution resorts to Monte Carlo Markov chain (MCMC) simulation techniques. Special attention is devoted to noise correlation involved by matched filtering: Taking this correlation into account in the algorithm derivation leads to significantly improved performance for both amplitude and time-delay estimation. The method is also extended to cope with Doppler frequency offsets. In particular, simultaneous paths with different Doppler offsets can be estimated. Crameacuter-Rao lower bounds (CRLBs) are derived and presented together with simulation results

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 4 )