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Scheduling variable-length messages in a single-hop multichannel local lightwave network

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3 Author(s)
Jia, F. ; Network Syst. Eng., Pacific Bell, San Ramon, CA, USA ; Mukherjee, B. ; Iness, J.

The design of a medium access control scheme for a single-hop, wavelength-division-multiplexing-(WDM) multichannel local lightwave network poses two major difficulties: relatively large transmitter/receiver tuning overhead and large ratio of propagation delay to packet transmission time. Most schemes proposed so far have ignored the tuning overhead, and they can only schedule fixed-length packet transmissions. To overcome these two difficulties, the authors propose several scheduling algorithms which can reduce the negative impact of tuning overhead and schedule variable-length messages. A separate channel (control channel) is employed for transmission of control packets, and a distributed scheduling algorithm is invoked at each node every time it receives a control packet. By allowing the length of messages to be variable, a long message can be scheduled with a single control packet transmission, instead of fragmenting it into many fixed-length packets, thereby significantly reducing the overhead of control packet transmissions and improving the overall system performance. Three novel scheduling algorithms are proposed, varying in the amount of global information and processing time they need. Two approximate analytical models are formulated to study the effect of tuning time and the effect of having a limited number of data channels. Extensive simulations are conducted. Average message delays are compared for all of the algorithms

Published in:

Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 4 )