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Sequential scalar quantization of vectors: an analysis

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3 Author(s)
R. Balasubramanian ; Xerox Webster Res. Center, NY, USA ; C. A. Bouman ; J. P. Allebach

Proposes an efficient vector quantization (VQ) technique called sequential scalar quantization (SSQ). The scalar components of the vector are individually quantized in a sequence, with the quantization of each component utilizing conditional information from the quantization of previous components. Unlike conventional independent scalar quantization (ISQ), SSQ has the ability to exploit intercomponent correlation. At the same time, since quantization is performed on scalar rather than vector variables, SSQ offers a significant computational advantage over conventional VQ techniques and is easily amenable to a hardware implementation. In order to analyze the performance of SSQ, the authors appeal to asymptotic quantization theory, where the codebook size is assumed to be large. Closed-form expressions are derived for the quantizer mean squared error (MSE). These expressions are used to compare the asymptotic performance of SSQ with other VQ techniques. The authors also demonstrate the use of asymptotic theory in designing SSQ for a practical application (color image quantization), where the codebook size is typically small. Theoretical and experimental results show that SSQ far outperforms ISQ with respect to MSE while offering a considerable reduction in computation over conventional VQ at the expense of a moderate increase in MSE

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 9 )