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Optical Frequency Synthesis From a Cryogenic Sapphire Oscillator Using a Fiber-Based Frequency Comb

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13 Author(s)
Ken-ichi Watabe ; National Metrol. Inst. of Japan, National Inst. of Adv. Ind. Sci. & Technol., Tsukuba ; Hajime Inaba ; Kenichiro Okumura ; Feng-Lei Hong
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The authors have demonstrated optical frequency synthesis using a fiber-based frequency comb system, referenced to an ultrastable microwave oscillator. The oscillator is based on a high Q-factor cryogenic sapphire resonator cooled with liquid helium. The 100-MHz signal synthesized from the 10.8-GHz oscillation frequency of the cryogenic sapphire oscillator (CSO) was used to stabilize the repetition frequency of the mode-locked fiber laser. When the synthesized optical frequency was compared with a rubidium two-photon stabilized laser at 778 nm, the measured fractional frequency stability was ~6 10-14 tau -12 for the averaging times tau between 1 and 100 s, and the best frequency stability was 3.0 10-15 for an averaging time of 1280 s

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IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 2 )