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Programmable Gm– C Filters Using Floating-Gate Operational Transconductance Amplifiers

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4 Author(s)
Ravi Chawla ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA ; Farhan Adil ; Guillermo Serrano ; Paul E. Hasler

We present programmable, fully differential Gm-C second-order sections (SOS) showing tunability over a wide range of frequencies. The SOSs use floating-gate operational transconductance amplifiers (FG-OTAs) to realize tunability. We present two FG programmable OTAs. The OTAs have a pFET input stage and employ current mirror topology. An FG common-mode feedback (CMFB) circuit as well as a conventional CMFB circuit is described for use with these OTAs. Their performance is compared. Expressions are derived for the differential and common-mode frequency response of the OTAs. Typical simulation and experimental results are shown for prototypes fabricated in a 0.5-mum CMOS process available through MOSIS. The prototypes operate from a single 3.3-V supply with typical bias currents in the 10-100-nA range. We present experimental results showing frequency-and Q-tuning for a low-pass SOS (LPSOS) and a bandpass SOS (BPSOS) designed using these FG-OTAs also fabricated in a 0.5-mum CMOS process. Measured 1-dB compression for LPSOS and BPSOS are -15 and -11 dBm, respectively

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 3 )