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Size reduction of microstrip patch antennas with left-handed transmission line loading

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3 Author(s)

A procedure for designing an electrically small microstrip patch antenna (MPA) is developed, wherein the length of a side of the MPA is reduced to significantly less than a half-wavelength. The MPA is loaded with a resonant circuit equivalent to that of a left-handed transmission line to artificially increase the effective wavelength of the device, thus creating a resonance equivalent to, but at a lower frequency than the unloaded {10} mode. The field distribution in the loaded MPA remains relatively unperturbed, unlike the {0} mode case that attempts to decrease the size by introducing a shorting-post; consequently, very low cross-polarisation behaviour is observed. The theory to predict the full spectrum of resonant frequencies of the antenna is developed, with finite-difference time-domain simulations used to finalise the antenna design. Finally, an electrically small ((lambda/6)times(lambda/4)) and thin (<lambda/65) antenna is fabricated at 465 MHz using low-temperature co-fired ceramic technology and tested for key figures of merit, including the resonant frequency and radiation pattern. The shortened antenna not only shows performance comparable to a conventional unloaded MPA, but also exhibits good cross-polarisation. The loaded MPA achieved an area reduction of 83% as compared to an unloaded version

Published in:

Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, IET  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 1 )