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An Experimental Analysis of the Call Capacity of IEEE 802.11b Wireless Local Area Networks for VoIP Telephony

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2 Author(s)
Keegan, B. ; Sch. of Electron. & Commun. Eng., Dublin Inst. of Technol. ; Davis, M.

In this paper we present the results from an experimental study of the call capacity of an IEEE 802.11b network when using VoIP telephony. Experiments include increasing the number of VoIP users in a wireless test-bed and increasing the level of background traffic until network saturation occurs. The experiments allow us to perform an analysis of the access point (AP) buffer dynamics. Results show that the network is capable of supporting up to 16 VoIP stations (STAs). Due to the operation of the IEEE 802.11 medium access control (MAC) mechanism, the AP acts as a bottleneck for all traffic destined for wireless STAs, in that significant delays can be incurred by VoIP packets which can lead to a poor perceived QoS by users. Consequently the performance of the AP downlink is the critical component in determining VoIP call capacity. We also show that large peak loads occur during periods of double-talk effectively reducing the capacity of the network

Published in:

Irish Signals and Systems Conference, 2006. IET

Date of Conference:

28-30 June 2006