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Motion of high-current vacuum arcs on spiral-type contacts

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1 Author(s)
Dullni, E. ; CALOR-EMAG, Ratingen, West Germany

Motion of vacuum arcs on spiral-type contacts is not only controlled by self-induced magnetic fields, but also by heating phenomena. An expression is derived which permits the calculation of the speed of the arc from a computation of the time needed to heat the surface up to boiling temperature. The heat flux density of the constricted arc at the anode is required as input for the calculation. Good coincidence is achieved with experimental data. The speed of the arc varies from 5 to 400 m/s, depending on experimental conditions

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 6 )