Skip to Main Content
Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) designates artificially applied electrical activation of muscles to restore function lost as a result of neurological lesions. FNS prostheses are currently being designed to restore urinary bladder control, standing, walking, and hand function. All of these prostheses need sensors for interaction with the human users and the environment. This paper discusses each of these prostheses with special regard to the use of sensors and the design specifications that the sensors must meet.
Date of Publication: Feb. 1986