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The classification and detection of event-related brain potentials was investigated using signal processing and statistical pattern recognition techniques. Amplitudes at sampled time points and frequency quantities have previously been used as features. Improvements to these procedures were obtained by using features from the time-frequency plane to utilize the geometric relationship between time and frequency, capitalizing on the nonstationarity of the evoked potential signals. These features were transformed from the original data sets based upon a two-step classification/feature selection procedure which uses selected frequencies from step 1 as parameters for data filtering in step 2. Features were selected from the filtered data, classifiers were designed, and the estimated classification accuracies were computed.