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An interstitial microwave antenna array hyperthermia (IMAAH) system was evaluated in a series of acute experiments for its ability to generate localized hyperthermic fields in the normal adult and developing dog brain. Using a single microwave antenna, the maximum diameter of heating greater than or equal to 42Â°C was 1.3 cm. Using four microwave antennas, temperatures greater than or equal to 42Â°C were obtained over a 2.5 cm cross-sectional diameter. Normal gray matter cannot be heated above 42.2Â°C for 60 min without causing acute damage to cortical neurons. Edema formation can occur at temperatures as low as 42Â°C in both gray and white matter. Disruption of myelin tracts in white matter is apparent at temperatures of 43.0-43.5Â°C. The IMAAH system generates significantly higher and more variable temperature distributions in virally induced experimental brain tumors than in the developing dog brain at the same power levels.
Date of Publication: Jan. 1984