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Current Distribution Measurements Within the Human Cochlea

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3 Author(s)
Black, Raymond C. ; Department of Otolaryngology, University of Melbourne ; Clark, Graeme M. ; Patrick, James F.

The magnitudes of the currents returned through each ground electrode fine of a multiple-electrode cochlear implant array were determined during surgical implantations on two patients. These were often found to be distributed widely to points far from the stimulus electrode site. Further measurements made in in vitro solutions demonstrated that the distributions were due largely to the ground electrode interface impedances being significantly larger than the fluid-path impedances, and demonstrated that distributions could be changed by modification of the ground electrode interface impedances.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:BME-28 ,  Issue: 10 )