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A Hybrid UCA-RARE/Root-MUSIC Approach for 2-D Direction of Arrival Estimation in Uniform Circular Arrays in the Presence of Mutual Coupling

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2 Author(s)
Goossens, R. ; Inf. Technol. Dept., Ghent Univ. ; Rogier, H.

A new hybrid algorithm that combines the uniform circular array-RAnk REduction (UCA-RARE) and Root-MUSIC algorithm for 2-D direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation of azimuth and elevation angle is presented for uniform circular arrays in the presence of mutual coupling. To describe mutual coupling and platform effects we rely on the circular symmetry and expand the open-circuit voltages into a limited number of phase modes. This number of phase modes only depends on the electromagnetic dimensions of the UCA and is independent of the severity of mutual coupling in the UCA. The UCA-RARE algorithm is then applied to estimate the azimuth angle independent from the elevation angle. Next, for each azimuth angle we perform a new search-free rooting algorithm based on the expansion of the array manifold into a double Fourier series. By considering several examples, it is shown that even in the presence of severe mutual coupling the proposed combined technique yields very robust DOA estimations for azimuth angle as well as for elevation angle

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

March 2007

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