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Development of a 2.45-GHz Local Exposure System for In Vivo Study on Ocular Effects

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10 Author(s)
Wake, K. ; Nat. Inst. of Inf. & Commun. Technol., Tokyo ; Hongo, H. ; Watanabe, S. ; Taki, M.
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We developed a new exposure system to irradiate microwaves locally on a rabbit eye using a small coaxial-to-waveguide adapter filled with low-loss dielectric material as an antenna. A numerical rabbit model was also developed using X-ray computer tomography images, and the specific absorption rates (SARs) in the rabbit, especially in the eye, were analyzed with the finite-difference time-domain method. The temperature elevation in the exposed eye was also evaluated by solving a bioheat equation. Our exposure system can generate incident power density of 15 mW/cm2 at the surface of a rabbit eye with input power of 1 W. When the incident power density on the rabbit eye is 300 mW/cm2 , average SAR over the exposed eye and the whole body were approximately 108 and 1.8 W/kg, respectively. The exposure system can realize localized exposure to the eye with the ratio of exposed-eye averaged SAR to the whole-body averaged SAR was 60. The developed exposure system can achieve high-intensity exposure such as the threshold of cataracts, i.e., the eye-averaged SAR over 100 W/kg or the lens temperature over 41 degC with the incident power density of 300mW/cm2 without significant whole-body thermal stresses

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 3 )