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Face Recognition Using an Enhanced Independent Component Analysis Approach

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2 Author(s)
Keun-Chang Kwak ; Intelligent Robot Div., Electron. & Telecommun. Res. Inst., Daejeon ; Pedrycz, W.

This paper is concerned with an enhanced independent component analysis (ICA) and its application to face recognition. Typically, face representations obtained by ICA involve unsupervised learning and high-order statistics. In this paper, we develop an enhancement of the generic ICA by augmenting this method by the Fisher linear discriminant analysis (LDA); hence, its abbreviation, FICA. The FICA is systematically developed and presented along with its underlying architecture. A comparative analysis explores four distance metrics, as well as classification with support vector machines (SVMs). We demonstrate that the FICA approach leads to the formation of well-separated classes in low-dimension subspace and is endowed with a great deal of insensitivity to large variation in illumination and facial expression. The comprehensive experiments are completed for the facial-recognition technology (FERET) face database; a comparative analysis demonstrates that FICA comes with improved classification rates when compared with some other conventional approaches such as eigenface, fisherface, and the ICA itself

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Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 2 )