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Architecture and Performance of a Grid-Enabled Lookup-Based Biomedical Optimization Application: Light Scattering Spectroscopy

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4 Author(s)
Figueiredo, R.J. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL ; Backman, Vadim ; Liu, Y. ; Paladugula, J.

This paper presents a case study of a Grid-enabled implementation of light scattering spectroscopy (LSS). The LSS technique allows noninvasive detection of precancerous changes in human epithelium, differentiating from traditional biopsies by allowing in vivo diagnosis of tissue samples and quantitative analyses of parameters related to cancerous changes via numerical techniques. This paper describes the architecture of GridLSS and its integration with a Web-based Grid computing portal. GridLSS solves an optimization problem of determining the light scattering spectrum that best fits experimental spectral data among a large set of spectra computed analytically using rigorous Mie theory. The novel approach taken in this paper is based on the precomputation and storage of Mie theory spectra in lookup databases that are queried during the minimization process. The paper makes three important contributions: 1) it presents a novel parallel application for LSS analysis that delivers high performance in wide-area distributed computing environment; 2) it evaluates and analyzes the performance of this application in cluster-based high-performance computing environments that are typical of Grid deployments; and 3) it shows that the performance of GridLSS benefits significantly from the use of on-demand Grid data transfers based on virtualized distributed file systems and from user-level caches for remote file system data

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Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 2 )