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Electrical and pyrometric measurements of the decay of the anode temperature after interruption of high-current vacuum arcs and comparison with computations

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3 Author(s)
Dullni, E. ; ASEA Corporate Res., Baden-Dattwill, Switzerland ; Gellert, B. ; Schade, E.

Vacuum arcs of up to 20-kA peak current were investigated. The surface temperature of the anode area melted during the anode spot mode was determined by pyrometry and the evaluation of thermionic currents. The measurements confirm the computations of heating and cooling of the anode, taking into account heat conduction melting/solidification, and evaporation. Pyrometrically obtained temperatures agree well with theory. This gives confidence in the heat conduction model and also shows that the boiling temperature was reached during arcing. Another method evaluates currents of a milliampere value after arcs of several kiloamperes and postarc currents of amperes. Experimental observation (e.g., loading of the shield surrounding the contacts) and theoretical analysis of the interfering effects support the idea that the currents measured are due to thermionic emission

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 5 )