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Low Dark Count Rate and High Single-Photon Detection Efficiency Avalanche Photodiode in Geiger-Mode Operation

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7 Author(s)
Mingguo Liu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Virginia Univ., Charlottesville, VA ; Xiaogang Bai ; Chong Hu ; Guo, X.
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An In0.53Ga0.47As-InP avalanche photodiode with very low dark current (0.15 pA at 95% breakdown voltage, 200 K) has been characterized in gated mode for single-photon detection. The temperature dependence of dark current and dark count yields activation energy of ~0.4 eV from 240 K to 297 K. High single-photon detection efficiency (SPDE) at telecom wavelengths with very low dark count rate (DCR) (e.g., DCR =12 kHz at SPDE =45% at 1.31 mum and 200 K) was achieved

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 6 )