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Fast and Accurate Automatic Registration for MR-Guided Procedures Using Active Microcoils

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7 Author(s)

A fast, robust, accurate, and automatic registration technique based on magnetic resonance (MR) active microcoils (active markers) for registration of tracked medical devices to preprocedural MR-images is presented. This allows for a straightforward integration of position measurement systems into clinical procedures. The presented method is useful for guidance purposes in clinical applications with high demands on accuracy and ease-of-use (e.g., neurosurgical or orthopedic applications). The determination of the positions of the active markers is integrated into the preparation phase of the actual MR imaging scan. The technique features a generic interface using DICOM standards for communication with navigation workstations linked to an MR system. The position of the active markers is fixed with respect to a reference system of an optical positioning measurement system (OPMS) and thus the coregistration of the MR system and the OPMS is established. In a phantom study, a mean overall targeting accuracy of 0.9plusmn0.1 mm was achieved and compared favorably to results obtained from manual registration tests (1.8plusmn0.3 mm) carried out in parallel. For a test person trained for both registration methods, workflow improvements of 3-6 min per registration step were found. The need for manual interaction is entirely eliminated thus avoiding user-bias, which is advantageous for the usage in clinical routine. The method improves the ease-of-use of tracking equipment during stereotactic guidance. The method is finally demonstrated in a volunteer study using a model of a Mayfield skull clamp with integrated active and optical reference markers

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 3 )