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Cooperative lattice coding and decoding in half-duplex channels

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3 Author(s)
Arul Murugan ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH ; Kambiz Azarian ; Hesham El Gamal

We propose novel lattice coding/decoding schemes for half-duplex outage-limited cooperative channels. These schemes are inspired by the cooperation protocols of Azarian et al. and enjoy an excellent performance-complexity tradeoff. More specifically, for the. relay channel, we first use our lattice coding framework to generalize Yang and Belfiore implementation of the non-orthogonal amplify and forward cooperation protocol. This generalization is shown to offer significant performance gains while keeping the decoding complexity manageable. We then devise a novel variant of the dynamic decode and forward protocol, along with a lattice-coded implementation, which enjoys a near-optimal diversity-multiplexing tradeoff with a low encoding/decoding complexity. Finally, for the cooperative multiple-access channel, we present a lattice-coded implementation of the non-orthogonal amplify and forward protocol and demonstrate its excellent performance-complexity tradeoff. Throughout the paper, we establish the performance gains of our proposed protocols via a comprehensive simulation study.

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 2 )