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Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes Based on Hadamard Constraints

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3 Author(s)
Guosen Yue ; NEC Labs. America, Inc, Princeton, NJ ; Li Ping ; Xiaodong Wang

In this paper, we consider the design and analysis of generalized low-density parity-check (GLDPC) codes in AWGN channels. The GLDPC codes are specified by a bipartite Tanner graph, as with standard LDPC codes, but with the single parity-check constraints replaced by general coding constraints. In particular, we consider imposing Hadamard code constraints at the check nodes for a low-rate approach, termed LDPC-Hadamard codes. We introduce a low-complexity message-passing based iterative soft-input soft-output (SISO) decoding algorithm, which employs the a posteriori probability (APP) fast Hadamard transform (FHT) for decoding the Hadamard check codes at each decoding iteration. The achievable capacity with the GLDPC codes is then discussed. A modified LDPC-Hadamard code graph is also proposed. We then optimize the LDPC-Hadamard code ensemble using a low-complexity optimization method based on approximating the density evolution by a one-dimensional dynamic system represented by an extrinsic mutual information transfer (EXIT) chart. Simulation results show that the optimized LDPC-Hadamard codes offer better performance in the low-rate region than low-rate turbo-Hadamard codes, but also enjoy a fast convergence rate. A rate-0.003 LDPC-Hadamard code with large block length can achieve a bit-error-rate (BER) performance of 10-5 at -1.44 dB, which is only 0.15 dB away from the ultimate Shannon limit (-1.592 dB) and 0.24 dB better than the best performing low-rate turbo-Hadamard codes

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

March 2007

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