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Adaptive Distance Relay Setting for Lines Connecting Wind Farms

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2 Author(s)
Pradhan, A.K. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng, McGill Univ., Montreal, Que. ; Joos, G.

Wind speed varies continuously throughout a day resulting in fluctuating wind farm output power. When such a farm is connected to the grid through a line, the transmitted power and the relay end voltage (with respect to grid voltage) fluctuate continuously. In this paper, the protection of such a line with distance relay is investigated. The ideal trip characteristic for distance relay is studied with change in conditions of the wind farm. A method is proposed to set the boundary adaptively using local information only

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Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 1 )