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Limitations on SAR Image Area Due to Motion through Resolution Cells

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1 Author(s)
Banta, E.D. ; Singer Kearfott Division 150 Totowa Rd. Wayne, NJ 07470

Range-Doppler imaging systems are degraded by the motion of an object through its resolution cells during image formation. Given the range resolution dR, the cross-range (azimuth) resolution dA, and the wavelength ¿, the image's range extent DR and cross-range extent DA must be constrained by ¿DR ¿ 4d2A; ¿DA ¿ 4dAdR to avoid significant image degradation. By implication, we can image a rectangular area A ¿ DADR. We show that, in general, the acceptable image area is a parallelogram which becomes a rectangle only in the special case of unsquinted, broadside operation. Furthermore, the actual useful image area within a rectangular map of range extent DR and crossrange extent DA decreases as the squint angle measured from broadside increases.

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:AES-22 ,  Issue: 6 )