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Complex Indicated Angles Applied to Unresolved Radar Targets and Multipath

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1 Author(s)
Sherman, S.M. ; RCA, Government and Commercial Systems Moorestown, N. J. 08057

The off-axis angle indicated by a conventional monopulse radar is only the real part of a "complex indicated angle." The presence of unresolved targets or multipath distorts the real part (causing an erroneous angle indication) and also produces an imaginary part, which can easily be measured by processing the normally unused quadrature-phase component of the difference signal. Under certain conditions the angles, amplitude ratio, and relative phase of two unresolved targets can theoretically be determined by meas urements of the complex indicated angle on two pulses separated by a short interval. In the special case of multipath, known relationships between the unresolved target and image theoretically permit determination of target elevation with a single pulse.

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:AES-7 ,  Issue: 1 )