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Maximum-likelihood estimates for the levels of the mean value function and the covariance function of a Gaussian random process are investigated. The stability of these estimates is examined as the actual covariance function of the process deviates from the form assumed in the estimators. It is found that the time-bandwidth product for stationary processes represents an upper bound on the number of estimator terms that can be safely used when estimating with uncertainty about the process covariance function. This result is consistent with other interpretations of the time-bandwidth product and tempers the conclusion that, in principle, an infinite number of estimator terms can be used to obtain a perfect estimate of the covariance level. In practice, the estimate of the level can never be perfect, and the accuracy of the estimate depends on the observation interval. Finally, conditions are established to ensure asymptotic stability of the estimates and physical interpretations are presented.