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Integrated uniplanar transition for linearly tapered slot antenna

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4 Author(s)
R. N. Simons ; NASA Lewis Res. Center, Cleveland, OH, USA ; N. I. Dib ; R. Q. Lee ; L. P. B. Katehi

This paper presents the design, fabrication, and numerical modeling of two new uniplanar microstrip-to-coplanar strip (CPS) line transitions and a new variant of the linearly tapered slot antenna (LTSA). This new variant with an integrated uniplanar microstrip-to-coplanar strip line feed is called a V-LTSA. The advantages of these transitions in packaging and monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC) integration are listed. The two transitions and the feed are modeled using finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. The overall agreement between the measured and modeled return-loss and insertion-loss characteristics of two back-to-back transitions is good. The resonance frequencies predicted by the FDTD method are within a few percentage points of the measurements. Furthermore, the V-LTSA with the feed is experimentally shown to have a wide return loss (⩽-10 dB) bandwidth, good radiation patterns, and low cross-polarization. The gain of the V-LTSA is 9 dB at the design frequency of 10 GHz. A proof-of-concept package to house the feed is experimentally evaluated and shown to have negligible effect on the antenna characteristics. This type of antenna readily integrates with MMIC packages in an array having a brick architecture. The V-LTSA has potential applications in phased arrays

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 9 )