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An Automatic Timing Receiver System Based on the Loran-C Navigational Network

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1 Author(s)
Netzler, G.P.R. ; Onsala Space Observatory Chalmers University of Technology Gothenburg, Sweden

This paper describes some new concepts in dealing with the circuitry for Loran-C automatic timing systems. The conventional analog techniques associated with phase-adjusting networks have been replaced by an incremental digital phase-shifting device. The Loran-C period generator includes facilities for delay compensation by means of an epoch monitor producing a 1-Hz output coincident with the master station TOC (time of coincidence). The required initial time information has to be accurate within ± 20 ms. The automatic format identification and decoding equipment together form a system which takes into account the information of every Loran-C pulse. Owing to the use of digital signal treatment, the synchronization accuracy is limited only by the resolution of the incremental phase shift. The automatic cycle selection device is based on sampling techniques where the derivative of the envelope is calculated. The time of coincidence has to be precalculated and fed into the thumbwheel memory of the epoch monitor, which is automatically initiated when the synchronizing operations are concluded. For VLBI purposes and transcontinental use, the accuracy of this system will be better than 1 ¿s when post corrections, supplied by the U.S. Naval Observatory, are taken into account.

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:AES-10 ,  Issue: 3 )