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On Microphone-Array Beamforming From a MIMO Acoustic Signal Processing Perspective

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4 Author(s)
Benesty, J. ; Univ. du Quebec, Montreal, Que. ; Jingdong Chen ; Huang, Y.A. ; Dmochowski, J.

Although many microphone-array beamforming algorithms have been developed over the past few decades, most such algorithms so far can only offer limited performance in practical acoustic environments. The reason behind this has not been fully understood and further research on this matter is indispensable. In this paper, we treat a microphone array as a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system and study its signal-enhancement performance. Our major contribution is fourfold. First, we develop a general framework for analyzing performance of beamforming algorithms based on the acoustic MIMO channel impulse responses. Second, we study the bounds for the length of the beamforming filter, which in turn shows the performance bounds of beamforming in terms of speech dereverberation and interference suppression. Third, we address the connection between beamforming and the multiple-input/output inverse theorem (MINT). Finally, we discuss the intrinsic relationships among different classical beamforming techniques and explain, from the channel condition perspective, what the prerequisites are for those techniques to work

Published in:

Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

March 2007

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