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On the cramer-rao bound for carrier frequency estimation in the presence of phase noise

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2 Author(s)
Alan Barbieri ; Dipt. di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Parma Univ. ; Giulio Colavolpe

We consider the carrier frequency offset estimation in a digital burst-mode satellite transmission affected by phase noise. The corresponding Cramer-Rao lower bound is analyzed for linear modulations under a Wiener phase noise model and in the hypothesis of knowledge of the transmitted data. Even if we resort to a Monte Carlo average, from a computational point of view the evaluation of the Cramer-Rao bound is very hard. We introduce a simple but very accurate approximation that allows to carry out this task in a very easy way. As it will be shown, the presence of the phase noise produces a remarkable performance degradation of. the frequency estimation accuracy. In addition, we provide asymptotic expressions of the Cramer-Rao bound, from which the effect of the phase noise and the dependence on the system parameters of the frequency offset estimation accuracy clearly result. Finally, as a by-product of our derivations and approximations, we derive a couple of estimators specifically tailored for the phase noise channel that will be compared with the classical Rife and Boorstyn algorithm, gaining in this way some important hints on the estimators to be used in this scenario

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 2 )