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Optimization of Tracking Performance of CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors

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14 Author(s)

CMOS Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors (MAPS) provide an attractive solution for high precision tracking of minimum ionizing particles. In these devices, a thin, moderately doped, undepleted silicon layer is used as the active detector volume with the readout electronics implemented on top of it. Recently, a new MAPS prototype was fabricated using the AMS 0.35 mum OPTO process, featuring a thick epitaxial layer. A systematic study of tracking performance of that prototype using high-energy particle beam is presented in this work. Noise performance, signal amplitude from minimum ionizing particles, detection efficiency, spurious hit suppression and spatial resolution are shown as a function of the readout pitch and the charge collecting diode size. A test array with a novel readout circuitry was also fabricated and tested. Each pixel circuit consists of a front-end voltage amplifier, capacitively coupled to the charge collecting diode, followed by two analog memory cells. This architecture implements an on-pixel correlated double sampling method, allowing for optimization of integration independently of full frame readout time and strongly reduces the pixel-to-pixel output signal dispersion. First measurements using this structure are also presented

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 1 )