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The Validity of the Similarity Law for the Electrical Breakdown of SF6 Gas

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4 Author(s)
Osmokrovic, P. ; Fac. of Electr. Eng., Belgrade Univ. ; Zivic, T. ; Loncar, B. ; Vasic, A.

The aim of this paper is to investigate the justification and the limitation of the geometrical similarity law application on the electrical breakdown of SF6 gas. For this purpose, the measurements of the dielectric breakdown voltage for similar systems insulated with SF6 gas were done. The applied dc voltage source had an 8 V/s rate of rise. Standard double exponential overvoltage pulse (rise time T1=1.2 mus, fall time T2 =50 mus) of the amplitude U1 max=320 V, U 2 max=4.80 kV, and U3 max=640 kV was used. On the basis of the obtained experimental results and theoretical considerations, the conditions under which the geometrical similarity laws are applicable on discharges in gases are determined. It was concluded that there is no correlation between the geometrical similarity of the electrode surface topography and corresponding breakdown voltages. It was shown that the extension of the similarity law, introducing the electron mean free path as a linear dimension of the system, gives a good quantitative agreement. Also, in case of the pulse breakdown voltage, it is necessary to apply the breakdown possibility rise law

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 1 )