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Acoustic-Resonance Characterization of Low-Wattage Metal–Halide Lamps

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5 Author(s)
Costa, M.A.D. ; DIEECS, Universidad de Oviedo, Gijon ; Alonso, J.M. ; Ribas, J. ; Cardesin, J.
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In this paper, a detailed study and experimentation on acoustic-resonances (AR) in low-wattage metal-halide lamps is presented. In order to excite the AR without extinguishing the electric arc, the lamps were supplied by means of a dc current with a superposed variable-frequency ac signal. By using this methodology, theoretical and experimental resonances were compared in terms of frequency, amplitude, and threshold-power level for their excitation. The experiments were carried out on four 35-W samples from each manufacturer (Osram and Philips), each of them with burning times of 100, 2500, and 5000 h, in order to cope with the full life of this type of lamps. AR maps for each lamp were obtained. These maps show not only the frequencies at which AR appear but also the amplitude of the resonances. The obtained AR maps are intended to be used by designers in order to know if a particular instantaneous lamp power waveform would be suitable to supply the lamp without generating AR. An application example on how to use these maps is also presented

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 1 )