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Sensor Fusion Based Localization of a Mobile User in a Wireless Network

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2 Author(s)
Bishop, A.N. ; Sch. of Eng. & Technol., Deakin Univ., Geelong, VIC ; Pathirana, P.N.

This paper applies sensor fusion to the localization problem of a mobile user. We propose that the use of direction of arrival (DOA) estimations along with received signal strength measurements can increase the accuracy and robustness of location estimations. The DOA estimations are incapable of providing multi-dimensional positioning alone, while signal strength methods are prone to high uncertainties. A robust extended Kalman filter (REKF) is used to derive the state estimate of the mobile user's position, and successfully track the mobile users with less system complexity, as it requires measurements from only one base station. Therefore, localization of mobile users can be performed at the single base station. Furthermore, the technique is robust against system uncertainties caused by the inherent deterministic nature of the mobility model. Through simulation, we show the accuracy of our prediction algorithm and the simplicity of its implementation.

Published in:

TENCON 2005 2005 IEEE Region 10

Date of Conference:

21-24 Nov. 2005