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Design of Compact Directional Couplers for UWB Applications

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2 Author(s)
Abbosh, A.M. ; Sch. of Inf. Technol. & Electr. Eng., Queensland Univ., St. Lucia, Qld. ; Bialkowski, M.E.

This paper presents a simple design method for a class of compact couplers, which offer coupling in the range of 3-10 dB over an ultra-wide frequency band from 3.1 to 10.6 GHz. The proposed couplers are formed by two elliptically shaped microstrip lines, which are broadside coupled through an elliptically shaped slot. Their design is demonstrated for a 3-, 6-, and 10-dB coupling assuming a 0.508-mm-thick Rogers RO4003C substrate. Results of simulation and measurements show that the designed devices exhibit a coupling of 3plusmn1 dB, 6plusmn1.4 dB and 10plusmn1.5 dB across the 3.1-10.6-GHz band. This ultra-wideband coupling is accompanied by isolation and return loss in the order of 20 dB or better. The manufactured devices including microstrip ports occupy an area of 25 mm times 15 mm

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 2 )