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640 × 512 Pixels Long-Wavelength Infrared (LWIR) Quantum-Dot Infrared Photodetector (QDIP) Imaging Focal Plane Array

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12 Author(s)
Gunapala, S.D. ; California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA ; Bandara, S.V. ; Hill, Cory J. ; Ting, D.Z.
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Epitaxially grown self-assembled InAs-InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots (QDs) are exploited for the development of large-format long-wavelength infrared focal plane arrays (FPAs). The dot-in-a-well (DWELL) structures were experimentally shown to absorb both 45deg and normal incident light, therefore, a reflection grating structure was used to enhance the quantum efficiency. The devices exhibit peak responsivity out to 8.1 mum, with peak detectivity reaching ~1times1010 Jones at 77 K. The devices were fabricated into the first long-wavelength 640times512 pixel QD infrared photodetector imaging FPA, which has produced excellent infrared imagery with noise equivalent temperature difference of 40 mK at 60-K operating temperature

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 3 )