System Maintenance:
There may be intermittent impact on performance while updates are in progress. We apologize for the inconvenience.
By Topic

Active Fiber Bragg Grating Hydrogen Sensors for All-Temperature Operation

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Buric, M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA ; Chen, K.P. ; Bhattarai, M. ; Swinehart, Philip R.
more authors

The use of liquid hydrogen as a fuel requires low-cost multipoint sensing of hydrogen gas for leak detection and location well below the 4% explosion limit of hydrogen. Herein is presented a multipoint in-fiber hydrogen sensor capable of hydrogen detection below 0.5% concentration with a response time of less than 10 s. Our solution entails use of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) coated with a layer of hydrogen-absorbing palladium which, in turn, induces strain in the FBG in the presence of hydrogen. Infrared power laser light is used to induce heating in the palladium coating which dramatically decreases sensor response time and increases the sensor's sensitivity at low temperatures. This technology promises an inexpensive fiber solution for a multipoint hydrogen detection array with only one fiber feed-through

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 5 )