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An integrated batch-to-batch control and within-batch online control strategy for tracking product quality trajectories in batch processes is proposed. On the basis of a batch-wise linear time-varying perturbation model, iterative learning control (ILC) is implemented for batch-to-batch control and the convergence of tracking errors under ILC is guaranteed. Within a batch, a predictive model is constructed by directly partitioning the linear time-varying model according to time, then batch model predictive control with shrinking horizons is applied online to reduce the effects of model-plant mismatch and/or unknown disturbances. By properly combining these two control methods, the integrated control strategy can complement both methods to obtain good performance. The proposed strategy is demonstrated on a simulated batch polymerisation process, and the results show that the performance can be improved quite significantly under the integrated control strategy than only under ILC, especially when disturbances occur.
Date of Publication: January 2007