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Coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction using a Pade approximation

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1 Author(s)
Griese, E. ; Siemens Nixdorf Informationsystem AG, Paderborn, Germany

A numerical method using a Pade approximation has been developed for the solution of the vectorial diffraction problem of a homogeneous plane wave with arbitrary angle of incidence by an infinite dielectric grating. The method is based on the coupled wave theory. After discretization of the grating by a division into planar layers, the transmission matrix of each layer is calculated with a Pade approximation. The overall transmission behaviour is given by the product series of all single-layer transmission matrices. As the structure of the field describing differential equation, obtained by Maxwell's equations, is very easy, the algorithm has been optimized with respect to the calculation time and the required memory. The structure of the system matrix, mentioned above, is obtained by a special arrangement of the state variables within the state vector. This leads to the same structure of the system matrix as the one obtained in the case of scalar diffraction problems. Therefore, the same numerical algorithms for computing the matrix exponential may be used.<>

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1994. AP-S. Digest  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

20-24 June 1994