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Passive Microwave Spectral Emission from Saline Ice at C-Band During the Growth Phase

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4 Author(s)
Swift, C.T. ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engi neering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 ; Dehority, D.C. ; Tanner, A.B. ; McIntosh, R.E.

This paper focusses on microwave radiometer measurements of the emission from saline ice as a function of ice thickness. The instrument used is a C-band stepped-frequency microwave radiometer (SFMR) that can be tuned to operate at any center frequency from 4 to 8 GHz at a bandwidth of 100 MHz. The measurements were undertaken at a facility constructed by the U. S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, which was specifically designed to satisfy remote-sensing requirements. In addition to presenting the data, a simple theory is developed to explain the experimental results in terms of the relevant electromagnetic parameters; namely, the complex dielectric constant and thickness of the ice.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:GE-24 ,  Issue: 6 )