By Topic

Parity-Check Density Versus Performance of Binary Linear Block Codes: New Bounds and Applications

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Wiechman, G. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Technion-Israel Inst. of Technol., Haifa ; Sason, I.

The moderate complexity of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes under iterative decoding is attributed to the sparseness of their parity-check matrices. It is therefore of interest to consider how sparse parity-check matrices of binary linear block codes can be a function of the gap between their achievable rates and the channel capacity. This issue was addressed by Sason and Urbanke, and it is revisited in this paper. The remarkable performance of LDPC codes under practical and suboptimal decoding algorithms motivates the assessment of the inherent loss in performance which is attributed to the structure of the code or ensemble under maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding, and the additional loss which is imposed by the suboptimality of the decoder. These issues are addressed by obtaining upper bounds on the achievable rates of binary linear block codes, and lower bounds on the asymptotic density of their parity-check matrices as a function of the gap between their achievable rates and the channel capacity; these bounds are valid under ML decoding, and hence, they are valid for any suboptimal decoding algorithm. The new bounds improve on previously reported results by Burshtein and by Sason and Urbanke, and they hold for the case where the transmission takes place over an arbitrary memoryless binary-input output-symmetric (MBIOS) channel. The significance of these information-theoretic bounds is in assessing the tradeoff between the asymptotic performance of LDPC codes and their decoding complexity (per iteration) under message-passing decoding. They are also helpful in studying the potential achievable rates of ensembles of LDPC codes under optimal decoding; by comparing these thresholds with those calculated by the density evolution technique, one obtains a measure for the asymptotic suboptimality of iterative decoding algorithms

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 2 )