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Recovery and Drift Dynamics of Resistance and Threshold Voltages in Phase-Change Memories

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3 Author(s)
Ielmini, D. ; Dipt. di Elettronica e Informazione, Politecnico di Milano ; Lacaita, A.L. ; Mantegazza, D.

The electronic behavior of the chalcogenide material used in phase-change memory (PCM) plays a key role in defining the operation voltages and times of the memory cell. In particular, the threshold voltage for electronic switching of the amorphous chalcogenide determines the boundary between programming and readout operation, while its resistance allows the recognition of the bit status. This paper present a time-resolved analysis of threshold voltage and resistance in a PCM. Both dynamics of threshold voltage and resistance display a fast transient, named recovery behavior, in the first 30 ns after programming. A slower, nonsaturating drift transient is found for longer times. The two transients are discussed referring to electronic and structural rearrangements in the amorphous chalcogenide. Finally, the impact on the device level is considered

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 2 )