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Pulse propagation in an elliptically birefringent Kerr medium

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1 Author(s)
Menyuk, C.R. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Maryland Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA

The coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equation, which describes optical propagation in a birefringent Kerr medium, is derived with particular emphasis on optical fibers. It is shown that, when the ellipticity angle θ≃35°, Manakov's equation results. Consequences for switching applications are discussed. In particular, if θ≠35°, shadows form when two pulses of opposite polarization interact, i.e. the emerging pulses no longer have their original polarizations. This problem disappears at θ=35°

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 12 )