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Present and Future Capabilities of Microwave Crystal Receivers

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1 Author(s)
Mccoy, C.T. ; Philco Corp., Philadelphia, Pa.

The lower limits of receiver noise are explained in terms of the fundamental physical constants of vacuum tubes and microwave crystal rectifiers. With negative-grid vacuum tubes, the receiver noise, expressed in absolute temperature units, can be about 30°K at 10 mc but increases to about 1000°K at 1000 mc. For crystal superheterodyne at all frequencies below 10,000 mc, the receiver noise can be down to 600°K, limited only by the crystal mixer. Above 10,000 mc the crystal rectifier parasitic elements-spreading resistance and barrier capacity-cause the receiver noise to increase rapidly to values of approximately 7000°K at 70,000 mc. For the future, high mobility semiconductors and new rectifier geometry promise substantial reduction of the parasitics. Also, a cooling mechanism promises limitless reduction in noise; a receiver noise of 150°K for all frequencies below 100,000 mc seems feasible.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IRE  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 1958

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