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Comparison of EM-Based Algorithms for MIMO Channel Estimation

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5 Author(s)
Wautelet, X. ; Commun. & Remote Sensing Lab., Univ. Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve ; Herzet, C. ; Dejonghe, A. ; Louveaux, J.
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Iterative channel estimation can improve the channel-state information (CSI) with respect to noniterative estimation. New iterative channel estimators based on the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm are proposed in this paper. A first estimator, called the unbiased EM (UEM), is designed to unbias the EM estimates. A second estimator is then put forward, which is based on the expectation-conditional-maximization (ECM) algorithm, and its complexity is lower than that of the EM. An unbiased ECM (UECM) estimator is also proposed. Although the unbiasedness of the UEM and UECM estimators is not rigorously proved, the use of these names is explained in the paper. The new estimators are compared with well-known ones, such as the EM, the decision-directed (DD), and the data-aided (DA) estimators. Simulations are reported for a turbo receiver operating over frequency-selective multiple-input multiple-output channels. It is shown that the UEM channel estimator outperforms the EM, and that the ECM-based estimators are very close to the EM-based ones

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 1 )