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Transmit Diversity Versus Opportunistic Beamforming in Data Packet Mobile Downlink Transmission

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3 Author(s)
Kobayashi, M. ; Centre Tecnologic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Barcelona ; Caire, G. ; Gesbert, D.

We compare space-time coding (transmit diversity) and random "opportunistic" beamforming in a space-division multiple access/time-division multiple access single-cell downlink system with random packet arrivals, correlated block-fading channels, and non-perfect channel state information at the transmitter due to a feedback delay. Our comparison is based on system stability. The ability of accurately predicting the channel signal-to-noise ratio dominates the performance of opportunistic beamforming, even under the optimistic assumption that the sequence of beamforming matrices is perfectly known a priori by the receivers. Our results show that the relative merit of opportunistic beamforming versus space-time coding strongly depends on the channel Doppler bandwidth. Therefore, previous naive conclusions on the fact that transmit diversity always hurts the system performance under multiuser-diversity scheduling should be taken with great care

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 1 )